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Defense against infections

Last update 1-11-2008

Literature

Below a list of relevant literature. This will grow as we expand the site.
A glossary of terms, other than the ones described in the elements page, can be found in the glossary page.

Books

  1. The major transitions in evolution - John Maynard Smith & Eörs Szathméry
  2. Life on a young planet - Andrew H. Knoll

Articles

  1. Articles by D. van der Waaij

Links

  1. WHO statistics on the causes of death (look for link Causes of death [xls 3.03Mb])
  2. WHO program on drug resistance
  3. WHO Global Strategy for Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance
  4. WHO factsheet on Antimicrobial resistance
  5. WHO Priority research topics in antimicrobial resistance
  6. Malaria, Algae, Amoeba and You: Unraveling Eukaryotic Relationships
  7. Tree of life - Eukaryotes
  8. Evolution of multicellularity
  9. Origins of Life on Earth - The Origins of Life
  10. Gut flora - Wikipedia article
  11. Human flora - Wikipedia article
  12. Human microbiome project - Wikipedia article
  13. Human microbiome project
  14. Archaea - Wikipedia article
  15. The complement system - Wikipedia article
  16. Ion Channels Allow Bacteria To Resist Stomach Acid
  17. Survival of Lactic Acid Bacteria in a Dynamic Model of the Stomach and Small Intestine: Validation and the Effects of Bile
  18. Spleen - Wikipedia article
  19. Reticuloendothelial system - Wikipedia article
  20. The idiotypic network in autoimmunity

Publications by Dick van der Waaij 1959-2000

  1. Van der Waaij, D.(1959) Formation, growth and multiplication of Toxoplasma gondii cysts in mouse brains. Trop. Geogr. Med. 11, 345-360
  2. Van der Waaij, D. (1960) Congenital transmission of non-virulent Toxoplasma gondii after experimental infection in mice prior to gestation. Trop.Geogr.Med.12, 251-257
  3. Van der Waaij, D. (1964) The transmission of Toxoplasmosis before birth. Trop.Geogr.Med. 14,327-33
  4. Van der Waaij, D. (1964) The transmission of Toxoplasmosis after birth. Trop.Geogr.Med. 14, 331-336
  5. Van der Waaij, D. (1960) The effect of a lysine-deficient diet on the course of a chronic Toxoplasma infection. Trop. Geogr.Med. 12, 180-182
  6. Van Thiel PH, Van der Waaij D. The significance of Pseudocysts in the oral infection of man and animals with Toxoplasma Gondii. Doc de Medicina Geographica rt Tropica 1956, 8, 392-396
  7. Van der Waaij D. Ontwikkeling en transmissiemogelijkheden van Toxoplasma gondii in experimentele infectie met chronisch beloop bij muizen. Thesis 1959 University of Leyden, promotor Prof. Dr. P.H. van Thiel
  8. Van der Waaij, D. (1967) Bacteriological decontamination of the digestive tract of mice and the effect on survival following whole-body irradiation. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 33, 236
  9. Van der Waaij, D.(1967) Isolation facilities for rat breeding; the efficiency of an isolation unit. Laboratory Animal Care 17, 532-541
  10. Van der Waaij, D. (1967) Resident infection in laboratory animal colonies and their influences on experiments. In: Husbandry of Laboratory Animals. Ed. M.L. Conalty, Academ. Press, London, pp. 373-38
  11. Van der Waaij, D. (1968) The persistent absence of Enterobacteriaceae from the intestinal flora of mice following antibiotic treatment. J.Inf Dis. 118, 32-38
  12. Van der Waaij, D., Sturm, C.A. (1968) Antibiotic decontamination of the digestive tract of mice. Technical procedures. Laboratory Animal Care 18, 1-10
  13. Van der Waaij, D. (1968) Production of bacteria-free mice by antibiotic decontamination. In: Advances in germfree research and gnotobiology. Eds. Miyakawa, M., Lucky, T.D. CRC Press Intern. Series, Cleveland Ohio, pp.30-37
  14. Van der Waaij, D. (1969) Similarities between germ-free mice and mice with an antibiotic decontaminated digestive tract. In: Germ-free Biology, Ed. E. Mirand, Plenum Press, New York, 181 189
  15. Van der Waaij, D. (1970) Eliminating bacteria from monkeys. In: Infections and Immunosuppression in subhuman primates. Eds. Balner, H., Beveridge, W.I.B., Munksgard, Copenhagen, pp.21-33
  16. Van der Waaij, D. (1971) The typing centre of the project group gnotobiotics in man and animals of the European Organisation for Research on Treatment of Cancer (EORTC). TNO- Nieuws, 567-570
  17. Van der Waaij, D., Sturm, C.A. (1971) The production of bacteria-free mice. Relationship between fecal flora and bacterial population of the skin. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 37, 139-151
  18. Van der Waaij, D., Andreas, A. II. (1971) Prevention of airborne contamination ands cross-contamination in germ-free mice by laminar flow. J.Hyg. 69, 83-89
  19. Van der Waaij, D., Berghuis de Vries, J.M., Lekkerkerk van der Wees, J.E.C. (1972) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract and the spread of bacteria to the lymphatic organs in mice. J.Hyg. 70, 335-342
  20. Van der Waaij, D., Berghuis, J.M., Lekkerkerk, JEC. (1972) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract of mice during systemic antibiotic treatment. J.Hyg. 70, 605-610
  21. Van der Waaij, D., Speltie, T.M. and J.M. Vossen (1972) Biotyping of Enterohacteriaceae as a test for the evaluation of isolation systems. J. Hyg. 70,639-650
  22. Van der Waaij, D., P., Vossen, J.M., Korthals Altes, C. (1973) Patient isolators designed in the Netherlands. In: Germfree Research, Ed. Heneghan, J.B., Academ. Press, New York/London, pp.31-36
  23. Van der Waaij, D., Dietrich, M. (1973) Evaluative study of patients with acute leukemia under gnotobiotic conditions by the gnotobiotic project group of the European Organisation for Research on Treatment of Cancer (E.O.R.T.C.) In: Germfree Research, Ed. Heneghan, J.B., Academ. Press, New York/London, pp.49-53
  24. Van der Waaij, D., Cohen, B.J., Nace, G.W. (1974) Colonization patterns of aerobic gram-negative bacteria in the cloaca of Rana pipiens. Laboratory Animal Science 24, 307-316
  25. Van der Waaij, D., Heidt, P.J., Hendriks, W.D.H. (1974) Bacteriological evaluation of a cross-flow tunnel for surgery under operational conditions. J.Hyg. 72, 145-153
  26. Van der Waaij, D., Berghuis-de Vries, J.M. (1974) Selective elimination of Enterobacteriaceae species from the digestive tract in mice monkeys. J.Hyg. 72, 205-211
  27. Van der Waaij, D., Berghuis, J.M. (1974) Determination of the colonization resistance of the digestive tract of individual mice. J.Hyg. 72, 379-387
  28. Van der Waaij, D., Berghuis de Vries, J.M. (1974) Oral dose and faecal concentration of antibiotics during antibiotic decontamination in mice and a patient. J.Hyg. 73, 197-203
  29. Van der Waaij, D., Lekkerkerk van der Wees, J.E.C., Heidt, P.J. (1974) Clearance of antibiotics from the intestines after termination of antibiotic decontamination. J.Hyg. 73, 409-414
  30. Van der Waaij, D. (1974) Mitigation of experimental inflammatory bowel disease in guinea pigs by selective elimination of the aerobic gram-negative intestinal microflora. Gastroenterol. 67, 460-472
  31. Van der Waaij, D., Speltie, T.M., Guinee, P.A.M., Agterberg, C. (1975) Serotyping and biotyping of 160 Escherichia coli strains: Comparative study. J. Clin. Microbiol. 1, 237-238
  32. Van der Waaij, D., Vossen, J.M., Korthals Altes, C., Hartgrink, C. (1977) Reconventionalization following antibiotic decontamination in man and animals. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 30, 1887-1895
  33. Van der Waaij, D., Tielemans-Speltie, T.M., De Roeck-Houben, A.M.J. (1977) Infection by and distribution of biotypes of Enterobacteriaceae species in leukaemic patients treated under ward conditions and in units for protective isolation in seven hospitals in Europe. Infection 5, 188-194
  34. Van der Waaij, D., Hendriks, W.D.H., Vossen. J.M. (1977) Prophylaktische Dekontamination von Bakterien. Krankenhaus artzt 50, 348-361
  35. Van der Waaij, D., Heidt, P.J. (1977) Intestinal bacterial ecocolgy in relation to immunological factors and other defense mechanisms. In: Food and Immunology. Eds. Hambraeus, L, Hanson, L.A., Almqvist & Wiksell Int., Stockholm, pp. 133-141
  36. Van der Waaij, D., Tielemans-Speltie, T.M., De Roeck-Houben, A.M.J. (1978) Relation between the faecal concentration of various potentially pathogenic microorganisms and infections in individuals (mice) with severely decreased resistance to infection. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 44,395-405
  37. Van der Waaij, P., Wendt, F., Gaus, W. (1979) Bacteriological parameters influencing the prognosis of survival of patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia: A retrospective evaluation. Zbl. Bakt. Suppl.7, 345-356
  38. Van der Waaij, D. (1979) The colonization resistance of the digestive tract in man and animals. Zbl. Bakt. Suppl. 7, 155-161
  39. Van der Waaij, D. (1979) Protective isolation for prevention of infection in patients with severely decreased resistance. Neth.J.Med. 22, 112-114
  40. Van der Waaij, D. (1979) The colonization resistance of the digestive tract in experimental animals and its consequences for infection prevention, acquisition of new bacteria and the prevention of spread of bacteria between cage mates. In: New criteria for antimicrobial therapy: maintenance of digestive tract colonization resistance. Eds. Van der Waaij, D., Verhoef, J. Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam/Oxford, pp.43-5348. Van der Waaij, D., Vossen, J.M., Hartgrink, c., Nieweg, H.O. pp.43-53
  41. Van der Waaij, D. (1979) Polyene antibiotics in the prevention of Candida albicans colonization in the digestive tract of patients with severely decreased resistance to infections. In: New criteria for antimicrobial therapy: maintenance of digestive tract colonization resistance. Eds. Van der Waaij, P., Verhoef, J., Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam/Oxford, pp.135-146
  42. Van der Waaij, D. (1979) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract as a major lead in the selection of antibiotics for therapy. In: New criteria for antimicrobial therapy: maintenance of digestive tract colonization resistance. Eds. Van der Waaij, P. Verhoef, J., Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam/ Oxford, pp.271-282.
  43. Van der Waaij, D. (1980) The role of the microbial flora in the development, maintenance and modulation of host immune functions. Adv. Physiol. .Sci. 29, 443-477
  44. Van der Waaij, D. (1981) The composition of the microflora, functional aspects of the intestinal immune system and auto-immune phenomena. In: Recent advances in germfree research. Eds. Sasaki, S. et al. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, pp.387-395
  45. Van der Waaij, D. (1981) The colonization resistance of the digestive tract with special emphasis on the oropharynx. In: Developments in antibiotic treatment of respiratory infections. Ed. Van Furth, R., Martinus Nijhoff Publish., The Hague/Boston/London, pp.53-59
  46. Van der Waaij, D. (1982) Implications and consequences of antimicrobial therapy for the development and transfer of resistance. In: Evaluation an maintenance of hospital infections. Ed. Van Furth, R., Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague/Boston/London, pp. 119-130
  47. Van der Waaij, D. (1982) Gut resistance to colonization: clinical usefulness of selective use of orally administered antimicrobial and antifungal drugs. In: Infections in cancer patients. Ed. Klastersky, J., Raven Press, New York, pp.73-85
  48. Van der Waaij, D., Aberson, J., Thijm, H.A., Welling, G.W. (1982) The screening of four aminoglycosides in the selective decontamination of the digestive tract in mice. Infection 10, 35-40
  49. Van der Waaij, D., Hofstra, W., Wiegersma, N. (1982) Effect of ß-lactam antibiotics on the resistance of the digestive tract of mice to colonization. J. Inf. Dis. 146, 417-422
  50. Van der Waaij, D. (1982) The digestive tract in immunocompromised patients: importance of maintaining its resistance to colonization, especially in hospital inpatients and those taking antibiotics. In: Action of antibiotics. Ed. Sabath, L.P., Hans Huber Publish., Bern/Stuttgart/Vienna, pp.104-118
  51. Van der Waaij, D. (1982) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract: clinical consequences and implications. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 10, 263-270
  52. Van der Waaij, D. (1982) The last epidemic: Selective decontamination in the control of mortality among radiation victims. Scand. .J. Infect. Dis. 36, 141-149
  53. Van der Waaij, D. (1983) Colonization resistance. In: Second International Symposium on Infections in the immunocompromised Host. Eds. Easmon, C.S.F., Gaya, H., Academ. Press, London/New York etc, pp.55-60
  54. Van der Waaij, D. (1983) Kolonisatie Resistentie. Ziekenhuis Hygiene en Infektie Preventie. 2, 22-24
  55. Van der Waaij, D. (1983) Antibiotic choice: the importance of colonization resistance. Research Studies Press (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester/New York etc., pp.1-I 32
  56. Van der Waaij D. (1983) Colonization pattern of the digestive tract by potentially pathogenic microorganisms: Colonization-controlling mechanisms and consequences for antibiotic treatment. Infection, Suppl. 2, 90-92
  57. Van der Waaij, D. (1983) Infection prophylaxis in large patient populations with combined injury. In: Pathophysiology of combined injury and trauma. Eds. Walker, RI., Gruber, P. F., McVittie, T. J., Conklin, J.J,, Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, pp.349-363
  58. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) Infection prophylaxis in large patient populations with combined injury. In: The pathophysiology of combine injury and trauma. Eds. Walker, R.I., Gruber, D.F., MacVittie, T.J., Conklin, J.J., University Press, Baltimore, pp.193-200
  59. Van der Waaij, D. (1984) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract. In: The germ-free animal in biomedical research. Laboratory Animals Ltd., London, pp. 155-165
  60. Van der Waaij, D. (1984) The immuno-regulation of the intestinal flora: experimental investigations on the development and the composition of the microflora in normal and thymusless mice. Microecology and Therapy, 14, 63-74
  61. Van der Waaij, D. (1984) Effect of antibiotics on colonization resistance. In: Medical Microbiology 4. Ed. Easmon, C.S.F., Jeljaszewicz, J., pp.227-237
  62. Van der Waaij, D. (1984) The digestive tract in immuno-compromised patients: importance of maintaining its resistance to colonization, especially in hospital inpatients and those taking antibiotics. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 50, 745-761
  63. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) Bacterial infection prophylaxis by selective decontamination in liver transplant patients: general principles. in: Progress in liver transplantation. Eds. Gips, Ch.H., Krom, R.A.F., Martinus Nijhoff, Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster, pp.93-98
  64. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) Infection prevention in neutropenic patients. In: Supportive therapy in haematology. Eds. Das, PC., Smit Sibinga, C.Th., Halie, MR., Martinus Nijhoff Publishing, Boston/Dordrecht/Lancaster, pp.33-44
  65. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) De grenzen van selectieve decontaminatie van de tractus digestivus bij granulopenische patienten ter preventie van infecties. N.T.v.G. 291, 1268-1269
  66. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) Faecal endotoxin and activity of the gut-associated lymphoid tissue in patients with malignant (B cell:) lymphoma. Zbl.Bakt.Hyg. A. 259, 520-530
  67. Van der Waaij, D., Van der Waaij, J.M. (1985) Spread of multi-resistant gram-negative bacilli among severely immunocompromised mice during prophylactic treatment with different oral antimicrobial drugs. In: Germfree Research: Microflora control and its application to the biomedical sciences. Bds. Wostmann, B.S., Pleasants, J.R., Pollard, M, Teah, B.A., Wagner, M., Alan Liss Inc. pp.245-250
  68. Van der Waaij, D., De Vries-Hospers, HG. (1985) Infection prophylaxis in granulocytopenic patients with antimicrobial drugs selected for their indifferent activity to resident (anaerobic) protective flora. In: The cancer patient and supportive care. Bd. Higby, D.J., Martinus Nijhoff Publish ers, Boston, pp.99-116
  69. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) The immuno-regulation of the intestinal flora; consequences of decreased thymus activity and broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment. Zbl.Bakt. Suppl. 13, 73-114
  70. Van der Waaij, D. (1985) Selective decontamination of the digestive tract with oral aztreonam and temocillin. Rev.Inf Dis. 7, Suppl. 4., 628-634
  71. Van der Waaij, D. (1986) The apparent role of the mucous membrane and the gut-associated lymphoid tissue in the selection of the normal resident flora of the digestive tract. Clin. Immunol. Newsletter 7, 4-7
  72. Van der Waaij, D. (1986) The influence of the intestinal microfiora on the relative thymus weight. Med. Microbiol. Immunol. 175, 335-340
  73. Van der Waaij, D., Heidt, P.J. (1986) Development of immunological tolerance to the mucosa-associated flora: a' possible prerequisite for mitigation of graft-vs-host disease in bone-marrow transplant recipients. In: Antimicrobial Agents and Immunity. Eds. Jeljaszewicz, J. and Pulverer, G.; Academ. Press Inc., London, pp.189-216
  74. Van der Waaij, D. (1986) The influence of antibiotics on gut colonization. J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 18, 155-158
  75. Van der Waaij, D., De Vries-Hospers, H.G. (1986) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract; mechanism and clinical consequences. Ann.Ist.Super.Sanita, 22, 875-882
  76. Van der Waaij, D., Gaus, W., Kreger, D., Linzenmeier, G., Rozenberg-Arska, M., De Vries-Hospers, H.G. (1986) Bacteriological data on a prospective multi-center study of the effect of two different regimens for selective decontamination in patients with acute leukemia. Infection 14, 268-274
  77. Van der Waaij, D. (1987) Antibiotics, anaerobes and colonization resistance. In: Recent advances in anaerobic bacteriology. Eds. Boriello, S.P., Hardie, J.M. etc., Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/Lancaster, pp.100-107
  78. Van der Waaij, D. (1987) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract: Mechanism and clinical consequences. Die Nahrung, 31, 507-517
  79. Van der Waaij, D. (1987) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract; clinical consequences in immunocompromised patients. In: Ontwikkelingen in de Haematologie. Ed. Halie, M.R., Stichting Drukkerij C. Regenboog, pp.81-95
  80. Van der Waaij, D. (1988) Evidence of immunoregulation of the composition of intestinal microflora and its practical consequences. Eur..J.Clin.Microbiol.Infect. Dis. 7, 103-106
  81. Van der Waaij, D. (1988) Selective decontamination of the digestive tract: general princeples. Eur.J.Cancer Clin.Oncol. 24, Suppl.1., 1-4
  82. Van der Waaij, D. (1988) Selective decontamination for prevention of infection in ICU patients. J.Hosp.Inf 11, 303-308
  83. Van der Waaij, D. (1989) Bioregulation of the digestive tract microfiora. Rev.Sci.Tech.Off Int.Epiz. 8, 333-345
  84. Van der Waaij, D. (1989) The ecology of the human intestine and its consequences for overgrowth by pathogens such as Clostridium difficile. Ann.Rev.Microbiol. 43, 69-87
  85. Van der Waaij, D. (1989) Influence of the immune system on the composition of the microflora of the digestive tract in mice. Wiss.Z. Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Univ. Greifswald, Med. Reihe 38, 51-55
  86. Van der Waaij, D., De Vries-Hospers (1989) Prevention of infections in patients with acute leukemia and granulocytopenia. In: Infections and haemorrhage in acute leukemia. Eds. Barbui, T., Falanga, A., Mineti, B., Tognoni, G., Donati, M.D., John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp.117-126
  87. Van der Waaij, D., Van der Waaij, B.D. (1990) The colonization resistance of the digestive tract in different animal species and in man: a comparative study. Epidemiol. Infect. 105, 237-243
  88. Van der Waaij, D. (1990) Selective intestinal decontamination as supportive care of radiation victims. Zeitschr.f. Anti-microb. Anti-neoplast.Chemother. Suppl. 8, 21-25
  89. Van der Waaij, D., De Vries-Hospers, H.G., Oenema, P.G., Tonk, R.H.J., Welling, G.W. (1990) In vitro inactivation of amoxycillin/clavulanate by faecal substance. In: Clavulanate antibiotics. Eds. Michel, M.F., Van der Meer, J.W.M., Rolinson, G.N.; ISBN 90-71428-12-5; Uitgeverij Nieuwvoorde, Amsterdam, pp.37-45
  90. Van der Waaij, D., Manson, W.L., Arends, J.P., De Vries- Hospers, HG. (1990) Clinical use of selective decontamination: the concept. intensive Care Med. 16, Suppl. 1, 212-215
  91. Van der Waaij, D. and Heidt, P.J. (1990) Colonization resistance expressed as the mean number of biotypes per faecal sample in mice; its relevance to the development of autoimmune disease. Microecology and Therapy, 20, 249-256
  92. Van der Waaij, D. (1991) The microflora of the gut: recent findings and implications. In: Digestive Diseases. Eds. Chen, T.S.N., Orange, N.J., East Zetterman, R.K.: S.Karger AG, Basel, pp.9.36-48
  93. Van der Waaij, D. (1992) Mechanisms involved in the development of the intestinal microflora; consequences for colonization resistance. In: Molecular Biology of Bacterial Infection. Eds. Hormaeche, C., Penn, C.W., Smyth, C.J., Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-12
  94. Van der Waaij, D. (1992) Special Feature: Selective gastro-intestinal decontamination. History of recognition and measurement of coloniazation resistance of the digestive tract as an introduction to selective gastro-intestinal decontamination. Epidemiol. Infect. 109, 315-326
  95. Van der Waaij, D. (1994) The digestive tract as a central endogenous source of bacterial and fungal infections; the epidemiological importance of maintaining colonization resistance. In: Proceedings 3rd Western Pacific Congress on Infectious Diseases. (Bali, 1992) Ed. Nelwan R.H.H., Acta Medica Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.
  96. Van der Waaij, D. (1995) In: Oral mono-administration of a strain of live Escherichia coli for intestinal disorders? Selective contamination (SC) and decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) - Our intestinal tract! Infection 23, 51
  97. Van der Waaij, D. (1996) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract: An important first barrier of defense to opportunistic infections in man and animals. In: Germfree Life and its Ramifications. Eds. Hashimoto K., Sakakibara B., Tazume S., Shimizu K. Proceedings of the XIIth International Symposium on Gnotobiology; 1996 Honolulu, Sense Printing, Japan, 47-50
  98. Van der Waaij, D. (1996) The patient with decreased resistance to infections; treatment of infections now and in the future. Microecology and Therapy 22, 1-14
  99. Van der Waaij, D. (1999) Microbial ecology of the intestinal microflora: Influence of interactions with the host organism. In: Probiotics, Other nutritional Factors and Intestinal Microflora. Eds. Hanson L, Yolken R.H. Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series, Vol. 42 Nestec Ltd. Vevey/Lipincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia. pp. 1-16.
  100. Van der Waaij, D. (1999) Colonization resistance of the digestive tract; an important barrier of defense to opportunistic infections in man and animals. In: Probiotics other nutritional factors, and intestinal microflora. Eds. Lars Å. Hanson and Yolken Robert H. Workshop Series, vol 42. Nestec Ltd. Vevey/Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, pp. 1-16.
  101. Van der Waaij D, Nord CE. Development and persistence of multi-resistance to antibiotics in bacteria: an analysis and new approach to this urgent problem. Int J Antimicrob Strat 2000, 16, 191-197.